Most of the technology being worked on focuses on burner controls, such as the Flame Quality Indicator. This electronic device monitors the flame and detects any changes. Through a modem, the signal can directly alert the oil company that provides service if there is a problem. This technology will also lead to lower costs for burner service, longer intervals between tune-ups and even greater reliability of oil heating systems.

In addition to this, energy research facilities are working on a concept for a burner that requires very little electricity to run. A Fan Atomized Burner (FAB) would provide emergency backup to supply heat to homes during power outages.

Because of the advances in oil-burning technologies, home heating oil may soon be used for cooking, refrigeration, space cooling, electric power generation and other home energy needs. New advances are constantly being developed.